Symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD) is an issue with the pelvis. Your pelvis is made up which curve round to produce a cradle shape. The bones meet in a company joint, in the front of the pelvis.
The joint’s link is made powerful by a dense network of tight tissues (ligaments). During pregnancy, pain and swelling pubis joint secure, causing spd symptoms pregnancy.
Doctors and physiotherapists classify any pelvic pain during pregnancy because of pelvic girdle pain (PGP).
SPD is one kind of pelvic girdle pain. Diastasis symphysis pubis (DSP) is another sort of pelvic girdle pain, which can be linked to SPD. When the gap from the symphysis pubis joint expands far, DSP occurs. DSP is uncommon, and can only be diagnosed by an X-ray, ultrasound scan, or MRI scan.
What are the symptoms of SPD?
- Pain in the groin and the area are the most common symptoms, though you might notice:
- Pain in the back of your pelvis or hip pain, back pain.
- Pain, together with clicking or grinding sensation in your area.
- Pain down the inside of your thighs or between your legs.
You have made worse by walking, parting your legs, going up or downstairs or moving around in bed.
Pain that prevents you from sleeping and night. Getting up to go to the bathroom in the middle of the night can be painful.
SPD can happen at any time during your pregnancy or after giving birth. You may notice it during the middle of your pregnancy for the first time.
What causes SPD?
As soon as you’re pregnant, your body needs to adapt quickly that developing a baby entails. Your body produces a hormone called relaxin, which softens your ligaments to help your baby pass. This means that the joints in your pelvis become laxer.
However, this flexibility does not necessarily cause SPD’s problems. Usually, muscles and your nerves can accommodate and compensate for the flexibility in your joints. This means your posture should be coped to by your body as your infant grows.
When your body does not adapt to the stretchier ligaments, SPD is believed to occur. SPD could be triggered by:
- The joints in your pelvis moving.
- Changes to the way your muscles work to support your pelvic girdle joints.
- One joint not functioning and causing pain at the pelvis’ joints.
These issues mean that your pelvis isn’t as stable as it needs to be, and this is what causes SPD. Physiotherapy is the perfect way since it’s about the connection between bones and your muscles, rather than your joints are. You are more likely to develop SPD if:
- You’d joint pain or pelvic girdle pain before you became pregnant.
- You have had a previous injury.
- You have had pelvic girdle pain in a previous pregnancy.
- Before you become pregnant, you have a high BMI and were obese.
- You’ve got hypermobility in of your joints.
How is SPD diagnosed?
Midwife or your doctor should refer you. Pains and aches are joint in pregnancy, but SPD is something you ought to put up, or not ordinary with. You might need to persist in receiving. It’ll be well worth it if you do not get help because pain may get worse.
Your physiotherapist will examine the stability, movement, and pain in muscles and your joints.